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La Batalla de Chile 1 - La Insurreción de la burguesía
La Bataille du Chili 1 - L'Insurrection de la bourgeoisie
The Battle of Chile 1 - The Insurrection of the Bourgeoisie
© Atacama Productions / ICAIC
1/1
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La Bataille du Chili est une fresque qui montre, pas à pas, des événements qui ont ému le monde entier et ont fait basculer le Chili, d'Allende à Pinochet. En 1973, alors que Salvador Allende initie un programme de transformations sociales et politiques visant à moderniser l’État et à enrayer la pauvreté, les classes les plus conservatrices organisent une série de grèves sauvages, et la Maison-Blanche asphyxie économiquement le pays. Quand les partis qui soutiennent Allende obtiennent la majorité des suffrages en mars 1973, la droite comprend qu’elle ne peut plus avoir recours à des mécanismes légaux, sa stratégie sera désormais le coup d’État.

In the spring of 1973, just before the parliamentary elections in Chile, Patricio Guzmán and his crew began to film the political and social events in the country. Given the poor state of the economy, President Salvador Allende’s left-wing government, which had been democratically elected in 1970, was expected to fall. But Allende had the support of a large proportion of the working-class voters, and the predicted victory for the right failed to materialize. From then on, the opposition attempted to destabilize the country and discredit the government, for example by creating a black market for basic provisions and inciting a strike in a copper mine.
In a loose, handheld style, Guzmán documents the events as they unfold. He attends meetings and demonstrations and interviews people in the street, adding his own commentary in voice-over. Gradually the atmosphere becomes more threatening, culminating in the death of a cameraman, shot in the street by a soldier two months before the coup of September 11, 1973.

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